Gambling Disorder


Gambling is the act of staking something of value on an event or game with the hope of winning a prize. The stakes may be money or other goods, and the outcome of the gambling event is determined by chance. For some people, gambling is harmless fun; for others, it becomes a serious problem that can lead to financial and personal problems.

People gamble in a variety of places, including casinos, racetracks, and online. Some people may think that online gambling is safer than gambling in a real casino, but the reality is that it is just as dangerous and can lead to serious problems. Online gambling sites are accessed from computers, tablets and mobile phones, which increase the potential for compulsive gambling. In addition, there are many games that can be played on a computer, tablet or phone that may be considered gambling even if they do not involve monetary bets.

The act of gambling triggers a surge of dopamine in the brain, which produces a rush of pleasure and excitement. This neurological response can distract from the things that are actually important in life, such as taking care of basic needs like eating and working. Over time, this can change a person’s brain chemistry and make them feel they need to gamble more and more in order to experience the same positive feelings.

Some people have a higher risk of developing gambling disorder than others, which is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as an uncontrollable urge to gamble that causes significant distress or impairment. Research shows that people with a family history of gambling are more likely to develop the disorder. Young people, especially men, are also more vulnerable.

Getting help is the best way to treat gambling disorder. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not approve any medications to treat gambling disorder, but psychotherapy is an effective treatment. This type of therapy includes various techniques that aim to help a person understand and change unhealthy emotions, thoughts and behaviors. Psychotherapy can include one-on-one sessions with a therapist, group therapy, or family counseling.

A therapist can teach you how to identify and cope with negative emotions, such as depression or anxiety, that may trigger gambling. In addition, they can teach you healthier ways to relieve boredom or loneliness, such as exercising, spending time with friends who don’t gamble, and practicing relaxation techniques.

It is important to talk to a loved one who has a gambling problem sooner rather than later. It is important to let them know that they have options for getting treatment, such as calling a helpline, talking to a healthcare provider or mental health professional, and going to Gamblers Anonymous. It is also helpful to encourage them to find treatment as soon as possible. Suggesting this will make them feel heard and validated, which may encourage them to seek help. It is also important to offer support without judgment.